Professionals in the IT industry are well-familiar with software testing or quality assurance. If you have time and resources, you can do it manually. However, many software development services providers prefer automated testing because it is quick and efficient. Moreover, it significantly reduces product testing time and delivers more reliable and accurate results with boosted productivity.

Testing is a vital and progressing part of the software development life-cycle. In recent years it has greatly evolved from large teams performing manual testing to minimal teams executing test cases through automated quality assurance tools – facilitating the deployment cycle through faster testing through automation. A cost-effective strategy with a result-oriented approach is key to making test automation successful.

In this article, we will see how software testers can build and execute a good test automation strategy.   

Test Automation Defined

A software testing process in which tools and scripts are used for testing IT products by executing test cases on various levels of the software solution, ensuring it meets the project scope and client requirements.

Types of Test Automation 

Different IT products in diverse circumstances require different types of automation testing, depending on their nature and scope. Let’s look at the most common types of test automation.

  •         Code Analysis

It includes static and dynamic testing using different tools. You can perform separate tests like for usability or security flaws, etc., but the developer has to write codes to run these tests. No human interference in the rest of the testing process.

  •         Unit Tests

It includes checking individual components of a software solution or a tech product before launching the final version. You need to assess each element of a product developed using iOS technology for iPhone or Android for Samsung.

  •         Integration Tests

These end-to-end tests are the most complicated in which application models are tested as a group. It means communication between all models should be tested to evaluate how well they work as a whole.   

  •         Smoke Tests

It checks the stability of the product. An unstable build is sent back to the development team for further evaluation and finding and fixing whatever causes the problem.

  •  Automated Accepted Test (AAT)

This acceptance test is similar to behavior-driven development and automated acceptance test-driven development. AAT is created before developing a new feature, setting a precedent for it to meet.  

Note: Your software quality assurance team and especially developers should be familiar with all these automation test processes.

Benefits of Test Automation  

Compared to mundane, time-consuming, and error-prone manual testing which is often repetitive and even boring, automation testing quickly and seamlessly evaluates numerous tech products’ design, functionality, and performance elements. Let’s see the advantages of using this approach.

  •         Simplifies testing
  •         Accelerates the process
  •         Improved test accuracy
  •         Better bug detection
  •         Minimal human intervention
  •         Saves time and resources
  •         Enhanced test case efficiency
  •         Detailed reporting capabilities

To err is human and considering automated testing the most commonly observed mistake is that software testers go for the immediate benefits and overlook the bigger picture. Most of the quality assurance teams often found abandoning the automated testing after a sprint or two and resume manual testing. Do you know the backend story?

The simplest of all possible reasons is that a software development company is using automation just because it’s in trend. Most of the time, it becomes challenging for IT companies because:

  •         They have no clue about the right set of tools and methods
  •         They have not placed the right testing software in place
  •         They do not know the right way of implementing test automation 
  •         They are not sure when to implement it and when not to
  •         They do not have strong control on ongoing test maintenance
  •         They are not aware of establishing automation scope with precision

Now, what they actually need to succeed in automated software testing and quality assurance is a carefully devised strategy.

Automated Software Testing Phases

Enterprises should invest in automated software testing to avoid devastating technology failures and to keep pace with the competitive market. Before utilizing automation based on a well-defined strategy, you must be familiar with the testing life cycle.  

Software testing automation phases include the following:

Test Automation

Feasibility Analysis
It refers to shortlisting relevant test cases and choosing the right tools for the same. 

Testing Framework
It refers to selecting the right automation testing framework; linear, data-driven, etc.

Environment Set Up
Create a testing environment that fits your needs for executing automated test cases.

Test Script Development
Create well-structured, well-documented, and reusable development scripts for testing.

Test Case Execution
Execute the previously written test cases and see how they perform in the testing environment.  

Result and Analysis
Evaluate the outcome of test cases and share reports with the project stakeholders.

Automated Software Testing Strategy
Following are the cornerstones of every successful testing automation strategy.
Automated Software Testing Strategy

Project Scope
Define milestones and timelines for project sprints. Select the right tool for automating your shortlisted test cases.

Testing Approach
Consider a well-structured process and define job roles for your testing team. Choose the technologies your test automation platform supports.

Test Environment
Build a stable, scalable, and predictable test environment. Identify your requirements and get the licensed tools accordingly.  

Risk Management
Consider the viable parameters for risk analysis including description, risk level, probability, mitigation, and cost estimation.

Plan Implementation
Outline daily tasks and procedures for executing and managing the test cases. Run and verify everything multiple times for accurate reporting.

Results & Analysis
Build a well-defined plan to evaluate the results and analyze the failed test cases to resolve them. Report the errors to the concerned department.

  • Inform DevOps teams about test environment issues
  • Reporting development team for bugs in the app under test
  • Notify the testing team of a bug in test automation scripts

Final Thoughts:
Automation is revolutionizing every sector, especially the IT industry. For agile software development with absolute quality and minimized chances of failures, you need to revamp your software testing strategy – integrating automated solutions for improved output. Follow the above-mentioned steps to build a powerful strategy for successful testing automation that can positively impact your business performance.